Ritalin is the brand name for the prescription drug Methylphenidate, which is a central nervous system stimulant. This drug has similar yet more potent affects than that of caffeine. This drug is normally prescribed to treat people who are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This drug has stimulant effects that include appetite suppression, euphoria, and wakefulness. It is known to increase focus and attentiveness as well.
Ritalin is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the United States of America. It is a drug that has been diverted from its legitimate use. Ritalin has been highly abused because it is readily available. It can be obtained from peers, friends or family members. Many of the individuals who have legitimate prescriptions are now selling the drug. It is also possible for the addicts to steal this drug from hospitals and chemists.
Most individuals who abuse Ritalin swallow the tablets, crush them or mix them with fluids and then inject the substance. It is also possible for it to be snorted. All that is needed is to crush the tablets to a powder form and then snort it through the nose. Ritalin abuse is associated with young people general, as these are the ones who use this drug most often.
Ritalin is a drug that is common in learning institutions, especially in tertiary colleges. This is where students use it as a way of stimulating them to be awake to read and prepare for examinations. An increase in the use of this drug can lead to addiction. It is estimated that around 4% of youths in U.S. universities use this drug. It is a very addictive drug that quitting its use can be very difficult.
When Ritalin is taken directed as directed by a physician to treat a legitimate medical condition, it has no side effects. It is safe and good for the body. Individuals with certain conditions have made use of this drug in the past to heal their disorder(s). This shows that if this drug is used for medical purposes, it is safe (and good) for the body, when used at the right dosage. This is a good way of refraining from becoming an addict.
Individuals who abuse Ritalin are at risk of suffering from cardiovascular complications, severe addiction and psychotic addiction. Those who abuse this drug by means of injection are at risk of further complications. The insoluble fillers of the Ritalin tablets have been known to block the blood vessels. This is a condition that can lead to death. Abusers who inject this drug are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV/AIDS and other blood borne diseases. Ritalin is known to stimulate the brain in order to speed up the activity of the nervous system. This is what gives ADHD patients a calming effect. It does this by increasing the alertness of the brain.